9 Tax Deductions for Private Investigators in 2011
- December 15, 2010
- by PInow Staff
Editors note: We are not tax advisors. The tips below are offered for informational purposes. Please consult with your tax advisor or attorney regarding your business.
With 2016 just around the corner, it's time to start putting together your end of the year strategy when it comes to your taxes. Now is a great time to figure out how your business expenses can be categorized for maximum savings. Here are some end of the year tax tips and deductions that can help your investigations firm save.
1. Maintain Your Records!
The IRS recommends keeping accurate records, whether it's regarding sales, payroll, purchases, and other expenses, as well as supporting documents.
What Are Supporting Documents?
Supporting documents range from invoices, paid bills, and sales slips to receipts, deposit slips, and even canceled or void checks. These documents will support your records, book entries, and ultimately what you put on your tax return. Keeping these documents organized and safe is crucial, and the IRS recommends organizing them by year and type of expense. This will make the process go much more smoothly should you ever be audited.
Types of Records The IRS Recommends You Keep
The IRS has a lot of great information on what types of records you should keep on your business. Below are some of the most important according to the irs.gov website.
- Canceled checks
- Account statements
- Credit card receipts and statements
- Petty cash slips
- Any documents that identify expense, recipient, amount, and proof of payment
- Deposit information
- Receipt books
- Forms 1099-MISC
- Canceled checks
- Credit card receipts and statements
- Purchase receipts
- Any documents that identify recipient, amount, and proof of payment
Travel, Transportation, Entertainment, and Gift Expense Records
Any time you deduct travel, entertainment, gift, or transportation expenses you will need to have the records to back up claims of those expenses. For private investigators who can spend a significant amount on travel, particularly in their vehicles, this is especially important.
Any physical property, whether it's an office or equipment, that you use in your business needs to have a record associated with it. The IRS recommends having documents that indicate:
- When and how the asset was acquired
- The purchase price
- Improvement costs
- Deductions taken (for depreciation, casaulty loss, Section 179)
- How you use(d) the asset
- When and how you disposed of the asset (if applicable)
- Selling price
- Expenses of sale>
The documents that would include this information could be purchase and sale invoices, closing statements, or canceled checks.
Employment Tax Records
Professional investigators can range from small business and big firm owners to 1099 contract employees and sole proprietors. If you have employees or work with independent contractors, it's important that you keep accurate records of how your employees are classified (including their paperwork) and accurate payroll records.
2. Maintain Digital and Print Copies of Your Records
With the IRS urges you to maintain accurate records for your business, in a world that's half paperless half still-married-to-the-filing-cabinet, it's always a good idea to have a digital backup of your physical records or vice versa. Implementing this type of tracking just before the end of the year can mean the year 2016 will go by without a hitch.
Apps like Freshbooks, TurboTax, TaxCaster, and TaxAct can help you during tax season, and scanner apps like Genius Scan help you create PDFs of your receipts and documents. QuickBooks, TurboTax, and ServeManager offer a variety of services for invoicing, tracking jobs, and payments.
3. Track Your Business Miles Driven for Deductions
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) states that "An ordinary expense is one that is common and accepted in your trade or business." For private investigators, that means traveling, stakeouts, and other job-related travel could be eligible for a tax deduction. Those who use their cars regularly for business purposes are eligible for transportation tax deductions at a standard mileage rate or actual expense method.
2015's Standard Mileage Rate is 57.5 Cents Per Mile
For 2015, standard mileage rates are 57.5 cents per business mile, an increase of 1.5 cents from last year. In other words, TRACK YOUR MILES!
4. Check for Startup, Improvement, and Unsuccessful Business Deductions
Private investigators who are new to the field may be able to deduct certain startup costs. This means you may be able to deduct $5,000 for business startup and $5,000 for organizational costs, which can include the cost of setting up a corporation. There is a lot of information and detail regarding startup costs, so it's important to consult with a professional on this one.
Major expenses like new wiring for an office or updates can be deducted provided you are able to capitalize as a business directly from those improvements. Repairs can also be deducted if they keep your office in normal operating condition.
Failed Attempts to Go Into Business
The IRS has two categories for the cost associated with individual attempts to go into business: the costs encountered before deciding to go into business (general search, preliminary investigation of an investment), and costs in attempting to acquire or begin a specific business. Individuals can only deduct expenses that fall into the latter half the of categories, but corporations may be eligible to deduct all investigatory costs as a loss.
4. Expense Your Business-Related Travel
Whether it's a trip for a stakeout, a flight to meet a new client, or a stay in another city for an association event or conference, these business-related expenses are tax deductible. Keep track of your plane tickets, taxi, Uber, and Lyft fares, parking costs, hotels and meals (and make sure you save itemized receipts) to get these deducted later.
5. Remember That Association Membership Dues Are Tax Deductible
As a member of a local, state, or national private investigator association not only means you're staying up-to-date on your profession, but a fringe benefit is that membership fees and annual dues are tax deductible.
6. Subscribe to Industry Publications
Hang onto receipts from your industry-related magazine subscriptions, as well as other resources purchased to keep up with your industry, whether from associations, private publications, or other sources. These subscriptions are tax deductible, and sometimes the smaller write-offs can add up considerably.
7. Look Into Home Office Deductions
If you have a dedicated home office (one with a door that closes in a space used only for business purposes), you may be eligible to claim a home office deduction. Depending on the percentage of your home dedicated to business purposes you may even be eligible for further deductions on monthly utilities like Internet and electricity, as long as the use is work-related. The specifics can be tricky on this one, so make sure you check with your accountant for details.
8. If You Are Self-Employed, Look Into Health Insurance Deductions
While it is common for investigators to be self-employed, those who own their own businesses or are sole proprietors are eligible for health insurance deductions. The specifics will depend on your business and how it is structured, so seek the advice of a professional to learn what you are eligible for.
9. Donate to IRS-Recognized Charities
Whether it's money, goods, toys, food, school supplies, or any other item, donations to IRS-recognized charities are tax deductible. Some of the eligible organizations include Salvation Army, Red Cross, Boy Scouts, Wounded Warriors, nonprofit schools and hospitals, religious organizations, and government organizations that exist for public purposes (i.e. public libraries).
10. Check For Other Business Expenses
Rent expenses, retirement plans, employee pay, interest, taxes, and insurance can all be tax deductible depending on the specific terms. Retirement plans, for example, offer tax advantages for setting aside money for you or your employees' retirement, and the pay given to employees in exchange for their services can be deducted as well.